||% of World Total
||% Change from 2009
||20,655,400 m/t ||33.07%
||15,540,000 m/t ||24.88%
||10,894,000 m/t ||17.33%
||2,705,860 m/t ||4.33%
||2,238,800 m/t ||3.58%
Sources: FAOSTAT data, 2012 (last accessed by Top 5 of Anything: July, 2012).
List Notes: Coconut production is in metric tonnes (m/t) for the year 2010. Percent change in coconut production is from the year 2009.
Top 5 facts sources:
- The coconut palm tree (Cocos nucifera) is found throughout the
tropics, where it is interwoven into the lives of the local
people. It is particularly important in the low islands of
the Pacific where, in the absence of land-based natural resources,
it provides almost all the necessities of life: food,
drink, oil, medicine, fiber, timber, thatch, mats, fuel, and
domestic utensils. For good reason, it has been called the
â€œtree of heavenâ€ and â€œtree of life.â€ Today it remains an important
economic and subsistence crop in many small Pacific
island states. (a).
- As a commercial crop, the long period from planting to
full bearing has discouraged planting. The price of the primary
product, copra (dried coconut kernel), is subject to
world commodity markets, and the present price for copra
has been depressed in the face of competition from other
vegetable oils. (a.)
- The market for copra and coconut oil is worldwide. All large
and medium-sized producers including PNG, Solomon
Islands, and Samoa have oil mills and export mainly the
oil. World exports of coconut oil in 2002 was 1822 million
mt (2 million t) compared to only 0.160 mt (0.176 t) of
copra exported. Desiccated coconut production is dominated
by the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia. Pacific
island states suffer the disadvantage of being small, isolated
producers far from the major markets in Europe and
the USA. However, organizations such as the EU provide
assistance in the form preferential tariffs to imports from
the Pacific islands as well as price support. (a.)
- The primary coconut products traded internationally are
derived from the fruit: copra and desiccated coconut, coconut
cream and protein, whole mature nuts, coir, and activated
carbon from shells. Young drinking nuts, coconut
water (fresh, canned or frozen), and palm sugar are important
in local economies and have a ready market in developed
countries with large Asian populations. The other
primary products in local economies include shell charcoal,
mature nuts for cooking and food uses, brooms, ropes,
and coconut shell products, some of which may find niche
markets overseas. For many Pacific island states, copra and
its by-product, copra press cake, are the only important exports. (a.)
- One of the most useful plants, coconut provides numerous
products commonly used in households. Perhaps the most
common product in the Pacific is coconut milk (or cream)
which is extracted from the freshly grated endosperm of
the mature fruit. The water from the nut cavity of young
nuts is a wonderful drink that is aseptic in healthy fruits.
Eighteen to twenty-four coconut palms in their prime
could provide one person with a daily supply of pure
drinking water when consumed at a rate of three drinking
nuts per day. (a.)
- Chan, E., Elevitch, C. (2006) Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Retrieved April 11th, 2012.
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